Bold citations are available for download.

Copyright Notice
The documents distributed here have been provided as a means to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work on a noncommercial basis. Copyright and all rights therein are maintained by the authors or by other copyright holders (usually the publisher), notwithstanding that they have offered their works here electronically. It is understood that all persons copying this information will adhere to the terms and constraints by the copyrights acknowledged in the publication. These works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.

in press

Heinen, R., Bierbrauer, A., Wolf, O.T., Axmacher, N., (in press). Representational formats of human memory traces. Brain Structure and Function.


Batsikadze, G.*, Pakusch, J.*, Klein, M., Ernst, T.M., Thieme, A.G., Nicksirat, S.A., Steiner, K.M., Nio, E., Genc, E., Maderwald, S., Deuschl, C., Merz, C.J., Quick, H.H., Mark, M.D. & Timmann, D. (2024). Mild deficits in fear learning: Evidence from humans and mice with cerebellar cortical degeneration, eNeuro, 11, doi:

Schellen, S., Zeidan, P., Ernst, T.M., Thieme, A., Nicksirat, A., Merz, C.J., Nitsche, M.A., Yavari, F., Timmann, D. & Batsikadze, G. (2024). Absence of modulatory effects of 6HZ cerebellar transcranial alternating current stimulation on fear learning in men. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 17, 1328283.

Heyers, K.*, Pfeifer, L.S.*, Walusiacki, K., Reinke, P., Moser, D., Ocklenburg, S. & Wolf, O.T. (2023). Stability and durability of salivary alpha-amylase across different storage conditions. Psychoneuroendocrinology. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 161, 106929

Kulakova, E., Graumann, L., Cho, A.B., Deuter, C.E., Wolf, O.T., Roepke, S., Otte, C. & Wingenfeld, K. (2024). Evidence of deviant parasympathetic response to social exclusion in women with borderline personality disorder. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 274, 129-138.

Merz, C.J. (2023). How different factors in combination change fear extinction learning: the case of sex and stress hormones. In M.R. Milad & S.D. Norrholm (Eds.), Fear extinction - From basic neuroscience to clinical implications. Cham: Springer.

Piechowski, S., Kalkoffen, L.J., Benderoth, S., Wolf, O.T., Rittweger, J. Aeschbach, D., Mühl, C. Effects of total sleep deprivation on performance in a manual spacecraft docking task. npj Microgravity 10, 21 (2024).

Rüttgens, T., Suchan, B., Wolf, O.T. & Merz, C.J. (2024). Acute stress does not moderate selective attention in a composite letters task. Stress, 27, 2330704.

Schmidt, K.*, Schlitt. F.*, Wiech, K., Merz, C.J., Kleine-Borgmann, J., Wolf, O.T., Engler, H., Forkmann, K., Elsenbruch, S. & Bingel, U. (2024). Hydrocortisone differentially affects reinstatement of pain-related responses in patients with chronic back pain and healthy volunteers. Journal of Pain, 25, 1082-1093.



Akan, O., Bierbrauer, A., Axmacher, N., Wolf, O.T. (2023). Acute stress impairs visual path integration. Neurobiology of Stress 26, 100561.

Akan, O., Bierbrauer, A., Kunz, L., Gajewski, P.D., Getzmann, S., Hengstler, J.G., Wascher, E., Axmacher, N., Wolf, O.T. (2023). Chronic stress is associated with specific path integration deficits. Behavioural Brain Research. 442, 114305.

Bach, D.R., Sporrer, J., Abend, R., Beckers, T., Dunsmoor, J.E., Fullana, M.A., Gamer, M., Gee, D.G., Hamm, A., Hartley, C.A., Herringa, R.J., Jovanovic, T., Kalisch, R., Knight, D.C., Lissek, S., Lonsdorf, T.B., Merz, C.J., Milad, M.R., Morriss, J., Phelps, E.A., Pine, D.S., Olsson, A., van Reekum, C.M. & Schiller, D. (2023). Consensus design of a calibration experiment for human fear conditioning. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 148, 105146.

Berretz, G., Packheiser, J., Wolf, O.T., Ocklenburg, S. (2023). A single dose of hydrocortisone does not alter interhemispheric transfer of information or transcallosal integration. Frontiers in Psychiatry. 14, 1054168 (IF 5.435)

Buabang, E.K., Boddez, Y., Wolf, O.T., Moors, A. (2023). The role of goal-directed and habitual processes in food consumption under stress after outcome devaluation with taste aversion. Behavioral Neuroscience. 137, 1-14.

Diers, E., Pacharra, M., Merz, C. J., Ernst, T. M., & Otto, T. (2023). Subject Code Generator v1.1 (v1.1). Zenodo.

Diers, E., Zomorodpoosh, S., Labrenz, F., Merz, C.J., Pacharra, M. & Otto, T. (2023). DatabaseApp v2.0 (v2.0). Zenodo.

Gellisch, M., Morosan-Puopolo, G., Wolf, O.T., Moser, D.A., Zaehres, H., Brand-Saberi, B. (2023). Interactive teaching enhances students' physiological arousal during online learning. Annals of Anatomy. 247, 152050.

Graumann, L., Cho, A.B., Kulakova, E., Deuter, C.E., Wolf, O.T., Roepke, S., Hellmann-Regen, J., Otte, C., Wingenfeld, K. (in press). Impact of social exclusion on empathy in women with Borderline Personality Disorder. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience., 273, 865-874

Haehner, P., Pfeifer, L. S., Jahre, L. M., Luhmann, M., Wolf, O. T., & Frach, L. (2023). Validation of a German Version of the Stress Overload Scale and Comparison of Different Time Frames in the Instructions. Psychological Test Adaptation and Development, 4(1), 41-54.

Jentsch, V.L., Wolf. O.T., Otto, T., Merz, C.J. (2023). The impact of physical exercise on the consolidation of fear extinction memories. Psychophysiology, e14373.

Labrenz, F., Merz, C.J. & Icenhour, A. (2023). Connecting dots in disorders of gut-brain interactions: The interplay of stress and sex hormones in shaping visceral pain. Frontiers in Psychiatry, section Psychological Therapy and Psychosomatics, 14, 1204136.

Langer, K., Jentsch, V.L., Wolf, O.T. (2023). Rapid effects of acute stress on cognitive emotion regulation. Psychoneuroendocrinology 151, 106054.

Lohaus, T., Witt, J., Schürmeyer, A., Wolf, O.T., Thoma, P. (2023). Fatigue and its relation to general cognition, social cognition and social activity in Multiple Sclerosis and Stroke. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry. 28, 165-180.

Nebe, S., Reutter, M., Baker, D.H., Bölte, J., Domes, G., Gamer, M., Gärtner, A., Gießing, C., Gurr née Mann, C., Hilger, K., Jawinski, P., Kulke, L., Lischke, A., Markett, S., Meier, M., Merz, C.J., Popov, T., Puhlmann, L.M.C., Quintana, D.S., Schäfer, T., Schubert, A.-L., Sperl, M.F.J., Antonia Vehlen, A., Lonsdorf, T.B. & Feld, G.B. (2023). Enhancing precision in human neuroscience. eLife, 12:e85980.

Nostadt, A., Merz, C.J., Wolf, O.T., Tegenthoff, M. & Lissek, S. (2023). Cortisol decreases activation in extinction related brain areas resulting in an impaired recall of context-dependent extinction memory. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 205, 107844.

Otto, T., Rose, J. (2023) The open toolbox for behavioral research. Behav Res

Otto, T., Wolf, O.T. & Merz, C.J. (2023). EDA-Analysis App (5.11). Zenodo.

Pan, D., Jentsch, V.L., Langer, K., Hagedorn, B., Höffken, O., Wolf, O.T. & Merz, C.J. (2023). What a difference timing makes: Cortisol effects on neural underpinnings of emotion regulation. Neurobiology of Stress, 25, 100544.

Pötzl, L., Wolf, O.T., Merz, C.J. (2023). Rapid and delayed stress effects on recognition of female and male faces. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 150, 106043.

Raeder, F., Merz, C.J., Tegenthoff, M., Dere, E., Wolf, O.T., Margraf, J., Schneider, S., Zlomuzica, A. (2023). Do oral contraceptives modulate the effects of stress induction on one session exposure efficacy and generalization in women? Psychopharmacology. 240, 1075-1089.

Rüttgens, T., Wolf, O.T. (2023). Enhanced memory for central visual and auditory elements experienced during a stressful episode. Behavioural Brain Research 452, 114546.

Wegmann, E., Müller, S. M., Kessling, A., Joshi, M., Ihle, E., Wolf, O.T., & Müller, A. (2023). Online compulsive buying-shopping disorder and social networks-use disorder: More similarities than differences? Comprehensive Psychiatry. 124, 152392.

Zomorodpoosh, S., Diers, E., Linn, S., Merz, C.J., Pacharra, M. & Otto, T. (2023). MetaDataApp v2.0 (v2.0). Zenodo.

Zöllner, C., Klein, N., Cheng, S., Schubotz, R.I., Axmacher, N., Wolf, O.T. (2023). Where was the Toaster? A systematic investigation of semantic construction in a new virtual episodic memory paradigm. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 76, 1497-1514



Batsikadze, G., Diekmann, N., Ernst, T.E., Klein, M., Maderwald, S., Deuschl, C., Merz, C.J., Cheng, S., Quick, H.H. & Timmann, D. (2022). The cerebellum contributes to context-effects during fear extinction learning: a 7T fMRI study. Neuroimage, 253, 119080.

Beck, K., Meir Drexler, S., Wolf, O.T. & Merz, C.J. (2022). Stress effects on memory retrieval of aversive and appetitive instrumental counterconditioning in men. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 196, 107697.

Berretz, G., Cebula, C., Wortelmann, B.M., Papadopoulou, P., Wolf, O.T., Ocklenburg, S., Packheiser, J. (2022). Romantic partner embraces reduce cortisol release after acute stress induction in women but not in men. PlosOne. 1-15.

Berretz, G., Packheiser, J., Wolf, O.T., Ocklenburg, S. (2022). Acute stress increases left hemispheric activity measured via changes in frontal alpha asymmetries. iScience, 25, 103841.

Berretz, G., Packheiser, J., Wolf, O.T., Ocklenburg, S., (2022). Improved interhemispheric connectivity after stress during lexical decision making. Behavioral Brain Research. 418, 113648.

Fayyaz, Z., Altamimi, A., Zoellner, C., Klein, N., Wolf, O.T., Cheng, S., Wiskott, L. (2022). A model of semantic completion in generative episodic memory. Neural Computation. 34, 1841-1870.

Gellisch, M., Wolf, O.T., Minkley, N., Kirchner, W.H., Brüne, M., Brand-Saberi, B. (2022). Decreased sympathetic cardiovascular influences and hormone-physiological changes in response to Covid-19-related adaptations under different learning environments. Anatomical Sciences Education. 00, 1-16.

Hagedorn, B., Wolf, O.T. & Merz, C.J. (2022). Cortisol before extinction generalization alters its neural correlates during retrieval. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 105607.

Jentsch, V.L., Pötzl, L., Wolf, O.T., & Merz, C.J. (2022). Hormonal contraceptive usage influences stress hormone effects on cognition and emotion. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology. 67, 101012.

Langer, K., Jentsch, V.L., Wolf, O.T. (2022). Cortisol promotes the cognitive regulation of high intensive emotions independent of timing. European Journal of Neuroscience. 55, 2684-2698.

Langer, K., Jentsch, V. L., & Wolf, O. T. (2022). Acute stress influences strategy preference when dealing with high intensity emotions in men. Biological Psychology, 169, 108264.

Lonsdorf, T.B., Hartwigsen, G., Kübler, A., Merz, C.J., Schmidt, B., Sperl, M.F.J. & Feld, G.B. (2022). Mehr als nur fragwürdig: Reproduzierbarkeit und Open Science in der Lehre aus Sicht der Biologischen Psychologie und Neuropsychologie. Psychologische Rundschau, 73, 30-33.

Merz, C.J. & Wolf, O.T. (2022). Lernen und Gedächtnis. In A. Schütz, M. Brand & S. Steins-Löber (Eds.), Psychologie (6., rev. edition). Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.

Merz, C.J. & Wolf, O.T. (2022). How stress hormones shape memories of fear and anxiety in humans. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 142, 104901.

Müller, G., Sachse, R., Langer, K., Claus, B. B., & Bonnet, U. (2022). Evaluation der Wirksamkeit der klärungsorientierten Psychotherapie bei Personen mit einer narzisstischen Persönlichkeitsstörung nach DSM-IV – eine naturalistische Längsschnittstudie mit prä-post Design. Fortschritte Der Neurologie · Psychiatrie.

Norden, M., Hofmann, A., Meier, M., Balzer, F., Wolf, O.T., Böttinger, E., Drimalla, H., (2022). Inducing and recording acute stress responses on a large scale with the digital stress test: development and evaluation. Journal of Medical Internet Research. 24, e 32280 .

Pacharra, M., Winter, N.O.C., Kumsta, R., Uengoer, M., Caviola, J.K., Ernst, T.M., Reichert, R., Yavari, F., Merz, C.J., Cheng, S., Linn, S., Wolf, O.T., Güntürkün, O. & Otto, T. (2022). Research Data Management Policy of the collaborative research centre SFB 1280 "Extinction Learning"
(v1.0). Zenodo.

Pfeifer, L. S., Heyers, K., Berretz, G., Metzen, D., Packheiser, J., & Ocklenburg, S. (2022). Broadening the scope: Increasing phenotype diversity in laterality research. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 16. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2022.1048388.

Piechowski, S., Johannes, B., Pustowalow, W., Arz, M., Mulder, E., Jordan, J., Wolf, O.T. Rittweger, J. (2022). Visual attention relates to operator performance in spacecraft docking training. Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance. 93, 480-486.

Rüttgens, T., Wolf, O.T. (2022). The influence of a glucose administration on stress responsivity and memory after a socially evaluated cold pressor test. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 142, 105803.

Schlitt, F., Schmidt, K., Merz, C.J., Wolf, O.T., Kleine-Borgmann, J., Elsenbruch, S., Wiech, K., Forkmann, K. & Bingel, U. (2022). Impaired pain-related threat and safety learning in patients with chronic back pain. Pain, 163, 1560-1570.

Siestrup, S., Jainta, B., El-Sourani, N., Trempler, I., Wurm, M.F., Wolf, O.T., Cheng, S., Schubotz, R.I., (2022). What happened when? Cerebral processing of modified structure and content in episodic cueing. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 34, 1287–1305.

Söylemez, S., Koyuncu, M., Wolf, O.T., Türkan, B.N. (2022). How shame and guilt influence perspective taking: A comparison between Turkish and German cultures. Journal of Cognition and Culture. 22, 20-40.



Berretz, G., Packheiser, J., Kumsta, R., Wolf, O.T., Ocklenburg, S. (2021). The brain under stress - an activation likelihood estimation meta-analysis of changes in BOLD signal associated with acute stress exposure. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 124, 89-99.

Berretz, G., Packheiser, J., Höffken, O., Wolf, O.T., Ocklenburg, S., (2021). Dichotic listening performance and interhemispheric integration after administration of hydrocortisone. Scientific Reports. 11:21581

Bierbrauer, A., Fellner, M.-C., Heinen, R., Wolf O.T., Axmacher, N., (2021). The memory trace of a stressful episode. Current Biology. 31, 5204-5213.

Brand, M., Müller, A., Stark, R., Steins-Loeber, S., Klucken, T., Montag, C., Diers, M., Wolf, O.T., Rumpf, H.-J., Wölfling, K., Wegmann, E. (2021). Addiction Research Unit: Affective and cognitive mechanisms of specific Internet-use disorders. Addiction Biology. e13087.

Deuter, C.E., Duesenberg, M., Hellmann-Regen, J., Metz, S., Roepke, S., Wolf, O.T., Otte, C., Wingenfeld, K. (2021). Psychosocial stress increases testosterone in patients with Borderline Personality Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and healthy participants. Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation. 8:3.

Graumann, L., Duesenberg, M., Metz, S., Schulze, L., Wolf, O.T., Roepke, S., Otte, C., Wingenfeld, K. (2021). Facial emotion recognition in borderline patients is unaffected by acute psychosocial stress. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 132, 131-135.

Hagedorn, B., Wolf, O.T., Merz, C.J. (2021). Stimulus-based extinction generalization: neural correlates and modulation by cortisol. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology. 24, 354-365.

Icenhour, A. Petrakova, L., Hazzan, N., Theysohn, N., Merz, C.J. & Elsenbruch, S. (2021). When gut feelings teach the brain to fear pain: Context-dependent activation of the central fear network in a novel interoceptive conditioning paradigm. Neuroimage. 238, 118229.

Langer, K., Wolf, O.T., Jentsch, V.L. (2021). Delayed effects of acute stress on cognitive emotion regulation. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 125, 105101.

Pan, D., Wolf, O.T. & Merz, C.J. (2021). Exposure to acute stress affects the retrieval of out-group related bias in healthy men. Biological Psychology, 166, 108210.

Pan, D., Hoid, D., Wolf, O. T., & Li, X. (2021). Brain activities of reconsolidation: Nuances in post-retrieval interference led to optimal alterations of episodic memories. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 185, 107531.

Pfeifer, L.S., Heyers, K., Ocklenburg, S., Wolf, O.T., (2021). Stress Research during the COVID-1 19 Pandemic and beyond. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 131. 581-596.

Pützer, A., Wolf, O.T. (2021). Effects of the odorant Hedione on the human stress response. Stress. 24, 1069-1074. 

Pützer, A., Wolf, O.T. (2021). Odours as context cues of emotional memories - the role of semantic relatedness. Acta Psychologica. 219, 103377.

Rosada, C., Bauer, M., Golde, S., Metz, S., Roepke, S., Otte, C., Wolf, O.T., Buss, C., Wingenfeld, K. (2021). Association between childhood trauma and brain anatomy in women with post-traumatic stress disorder, women with borderline personality disorder, and healthy women. European Journal of Psychotraumatology. 12, 1959706.

Schaal, N.K., Brückner, J., Wolf, O.T., Ruckhäberle, E., Fehm, T., Hepp, P. (2021). The effects of a music intervention during port catheter placement on anxiety and stress. Scientific Reports. 11: 5807

Sobanski, E.*, Hammerle, F.*, Dixius, A., Möhler, E., Koudela-Hamila, S., Ebner-Priemer, U., Merz, C.J., In-Albon, T., Pollit, B., Christiansen, H., Kolar, D., Ocker, S., Fischer, N., Burghaus, I., Huss, M. (2021). START Adolescents: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial to investigate the efficacy of a low-threshold group treatment program in traumatized adolescent refugees. BMJ Open, 11, e057968.

Wulff, V., Hepp, P., Wolf, O.T., Balan, P., Hagenbeck, C., Fehm, T., Schaal, N.K. (2021). The effects of a music and singing intervention during pregnancy on maternal well-being and mother-infant bonding: a randomised, controlled study. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics. 303, 69-83.

Wulff, V., Hepp, P., Wolf, O. T., Fehm, T., Schaal, N. K. (2021). The influence of maternal singing on well-being, postpartum depression and bonding – a randomised, controlled trial BMC Pregnancy and Childcare, 21:501.



Asbrand, J., Heinrichs, N., Nitschke, K., Wolf, O.T., Schmidtendorf, S., Tuschen-Caffier, B. (2020). Repeated stress leads to enhanced cortisol stress response in child social anxiety disorder but this effect can be prevented with CBT. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 109, 104352.

Berretz, G., Wolf, O.T., Güntürkün, O., Ocklenburg, S. (2020). Atypical lateralization in neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders. What is the role of stress. Cortex. 125, 215-232.

Buchmüller, T., Lembcke, H., Busch, J., Kumsta, R., Wolf, O.T., Leyendecker, B. (2020). Exploring hair steroid concentrations in asylum seekers, internally displaced refugees and immigrants. Stress. 23:5, 538-545.

Hermann, A., Stark, R., Müller, E.A., Kruse, O., Wolf, O.T., Merz, C.J. (2020). Multiple extinction contexts modulate the neural correlates of contextdependent extinction learning and retrieval. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 168, 107150.

Het, S., Vocks, S., Wolf, J.M., Herpertz, S., Wolf, O.T. (2020). Treatment-resistant blunted HPA activity, but reversible cardiovascular stress reactivity in young women with eating disorders. Frontiers in Psychiatry. 11, 726.

Inoue, L., Ernst, T.M., Ferber, I.I., Merz, C.J., Timmann, D., Batsikadze, G. (2020). Interaction of Fear Conditioning with Eyeblink Conditioning Supports the Sensory Gating Hypothesis of the Amygdala in Men. eNeuro, 7, 1-15.

Jentsch, V.L., Wolf, O.T. (2020). The impact of emotion regulation on cardiovascular, neuroendocrine and psychological stress responses. Biological Psychology. 154, 107893.

Jentsch, V.L., Wolf, O.T. (2020). Acute physical exercise promotes the consolidation of emotional material. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 173, 107252.

Jentsch, V.L., Wolf, O.T., Merz, C.J. (2020). Temporal dynamics of conditioned skin conductance and pupillary responses during fear acquisition and extinction. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 147, 93-99.

Langer, K., Hagedorn, B., Stock, L.-M., Otto, T., Wolf, O.T. & Jentsch, V.L. (2020). Acute stress improves the effectivity of cognitive emotion regulation in men. Scientific Reports. 10, 11571.

Lonsdorf, T.B., Klingelhöfer, J., M., Andreatta, M., Beckers, T., Chalkia, A., Gerlicher, A., Jentsch, V.L., Meir Drexler, S., Mertens, G., Richter, J., Sjouwerman, R., Wendt, J. & Merz, C.J. (2020). Navigating the garden of forking paths for data exclusions in fear conditioning research. eLife. 8, 52465.

Meir Drexler, S., Merz, C.J., Jentsch, V.L. & Wolf, O.T. (2020). Stress modulation of fear and extinction in psychopathology and treatment. Neuroforum. 26, 133-141.

Merz, C.J., Eichholz, A., Wolf, O.T. (2020). Acute stress reduces out-group related safety signaling during fear reinstatement in women. Scientific Reports. 10, 2092.

Merz, C.J. & Lonsdorf, T.B. (2020). Methodische Anmerkungen und Anwendungsbereiche der Furchtkonditionierung in verschiedenen psychologischen Disziplinen. Psychologische Rundschau, 71, 273-287.

Ontrup, G., Vogel, M., Wolf, O.T., Zahn, P.K., Kluge, A., Hagemann, V. (2020). Does simulation-based training in medical education need additional stressors? An experimental study. Ergonomics. 63, 80-90.

Paul, M., Bellebaum, C., Ghio, M., Suchan, B., Wolf, O.T. (2020). Stress effects on learning and feedback-related neural activity depend on feedback delay. Psychophysiology.

Piechowski, S., Pustowalow, W., Arz, M., Rittweger, J., Mulder, E., Wolf, O.T., Johannes, B., Jordan, J. (2020). Virtual reality as training aid for manual spacecraft docking. Acta Astronautica. 177, 731-736.

Pützer, A., Brüne, M., Hatt, H., Wolf, O.T. (2020). Hedione reduces subjective vicarious stress. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 13, 297.

Raeder, F., Merz, C.J., Margraf, J. & Zlomuzica, A. (2020). The association between fear extinction, the ability to accomplish exposure and exposure therapy outcome in specific phobia. Scientific Reports. 10, 4288.

Schaal, N.K., Fehm, T., Wolf, O.T., Gielen, P., Hagenbeck, C., Heil, M., Fleisch, M., Hepp, P. (2020). Comparing the course of anxiety in women receiving their first compared to repeated caesarean section: a prospective study. Women and Birth. 33, 280-285.

Schaal, N., Hepp, P., Heil, M., Wolf, O.T., Hagenbeck, C., Fleisch, M., Fehm, T. (2020). Perioperative anxiety and length of hospital stay after caesarean section - a cohort study. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology. 248, 252-256.

Steins-Loeber, S., Lörsch, F., van der Velde, C., Müller, A., Brand, M., Duka, T., Wolf, O.T. (2020). Does acute stress influence the Pavlovian-to-instrumental transfer effect? Implications for substance use disorders. Psychopharmacology 237, 2305–2316.

Zlomuzica, A., Schneider, S., Wolf, O.T., Merz, C.J., Konrad, C., Raeder, F. & Margraf, J. (2020). Against the return of fear: novel ways to treat anxiety. Neuroforum. 26, 143-149.



de Quervain, D., Wolf, O.T., Roozendaal, B. (2019). Glucocorticoid-induced enhancement of extinction - from animal models to clinical trials. Psychopharmacology. 236, 183-199.

Duesenberg, M., Wolf, O.T., Roepke, S., Fleischer, J., Elias, V., Metz, S., Renneberg, B., Otte, C., Wingenfeld, K. (2019). Psychophysiological stress response and memory in Borderline Personality Disorder. European Journal of Psychotraumatology. 10, 1568134.

Ernst, T.M., Brol, A., Gratz, M., Ritter, C., Bingel, U., Schlamann, M., Maderwald, S., Quick, H.H., Merz, C.J.* & Timmann, D.* (2019). The cerebellum is involved in processing of predictions and predicition errors in a fear conditioning paradigm. eLife, 8, e46831.

Fleischer, J., Metz, S., Düsenberg, M., Grimm, S., Golde, S., Roepke, S., Renneberg, B., Wolf, O.T., Otte, C., Wingenfeld, K. (2019). Neural correlates of glucocorticoids effects on autobiographical memory retrieval in healthy women. Behavioral Brain Research. 395, 895-902.

Haaker, J., Maren, S., Andreatta, M., Merz, C.J., Richter, J., Richter, S.H., Meir Drexler, S., Lange, M.D., Jüngling, K., Seidenbecher, T., Nees, F., Fullana, M.A., Wotjak, C.T. & Lonsdorf, T.B. (2019). Making translation work: Harmonizing cross-species methodology in the behavioural neuroscience of Pavlovian fear conditioning. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 107, 329-345.

Jentsch, V.L., Merz, C.J. & Wolf, O.T. (2019). Restoring emotional stability: cortisol effects on the neural networks of cognitive emotion regulation. Behavioural Brain Research. 374, 111880.

Kirschbaum, C., Kudiekla, B., Wolf, O. (2019). Editorial for the special issue Festschrift for Dirk Hellhammer. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 105, 1-2.

Kluge, A., Silbert, M., Wiemers, U.S., Frank, B., Wolf, O.T. (2019). Retention of a standard operating procedure under the influence of social stress and refresher training in a simulated process control task. Ergonomics. 62, 3 ,361-375.

Langer, K., Moser, D., Otto, T., Wolf, O.T., Kumsta, R. (2019). Cortisol modulates the engagement of multiple memory systems: Exploration of a common NR3C2 polymorphism. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 107, 133-140. (IF 4.731)

Li, S., Tang, J., Gao, Y., Thiel, C.M., Wolf, O.T. (2019). The serotonin transporter gene variants modulate acute stress-induced hippocampus and dorsomedial prefrontal cortex activity during memory retrieval. PsyCh Journal. 8, 363-377.

Lonsdorf, T.B., Merz, C.J. & Fullana, M.A. (2019). Fear extinction retention - is it what we think it is? Biological Psychiatry. 85, 1074-1082.

Meir Drexler, S., Merz, C.J., Lissek, S., Tegenthoff, M., Wolf, O.T. (2019). Reactivation of the unconditioned stimulus inhibits the return of fear independent of cortisol. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 13, 254.

Meir Drexler, S., Merz, C.J., Jentsch, V.L., Wolf, O.T. (2019). How stress and glucocorticoids timing-dependently affect extinction and relapse. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 98, 145-153.

Merz, C.J., Hagedorn, B., Wolf, O.T. (2019). An oral presentation causes stress and memory impairments. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 104, 1-6.

Merz, C.J., Wolf, O.T. (2019). The immediate extinction deficit occurs in a nonemotional learning paradigm. Learning Memory. 26, 39-46.

Metz, S., Fleischer, J., Gärtner, M., Golde, S., Düsenberg, M., Roepke, S., Wolf, O.T., Otte, C., Wingenfeld, K. (2019).  Effects of hydrocortisone on autobiographical memory retrieval in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder and borderline personality disorder: The role of childhood trauma. Neuropsychopharmacology. 44, 2038-2044.

Metz, S., Fleischer, J., Grimm, S., Gärnter, M., Golde, S., Duesenberg, M., Roepke, S., Wolf, O.T., Otte, C., Wingenfeld, K., (2019). Resting-state functional connectivity after hydrocortisone administration in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder and borderline personality disorder. European Neuropsychopharmacology. 29, 936-946.

Pützer, A., Otto, T., Wolf, O.T. (2019). Odors Are More Sensitive to Evaluative Conditioning than Sounds. Chemosensory Perception. 12, 135-146.

Raeder, F., Merz, C.J., Tegenthoff, M., Wolf, O.T., Margraf, J., Zlomuzica, A. (2019). Post-exposure cortisol administration does not augment the success of exposure therapy: A randomized placebo-controlled study. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 99, 174-182.

Schaal, N. K., Hepp, P., Schweda, A., Wolf, O.T., Krampe, C. (2019). A functional near-infrared spectroscopy study on the cortical haemodynamic responses during the Maastricht Acute Stress Test. Scientific Reports. 9, 13459.

Wiemers, U.S., Hamacher-Dang, T.C., Yonelinas, A.P., Wolf, O.T. (2019). Pre-encoding stress induced changes in perceived stress, blood pressure and cortisol are differentially associated with recollection and familiarity. Brain and Cognition. 133, 5-11.

Wolf, O.T. (2019). The impact of psychosocial stress on cognition. In O.C. Schultheiss & P. H. Mehta (Ed). Routledge International Handbook of Social Neuroendocrinology. Routledge, New York, NY, USA. (S. 441-452).

Wolf O.T. (2019). Memories of and influenced by the Trier Social Stress Test. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 105, 98-104.



Dierolf, A.M., Schoofs, D. Hessas, E.-M. Falkenstein, M., Otto, T., Paul, M., Suchan, B., Wolf, O.T. (2018). Good to be stressed? Improved response inhibition and error processing after acute stress in young and older men. Neuropsychologia. 119, 434-447.

Hepp, P., Hagenbeck, C., Gilles, J., Wolf, O.T., Goertz, W., Janni, W., Balan, P., Fleisch, M., Fehm, T., Schaal, N.K. (2018). Effects of music intervention during caesarean delivery on anxiety and stress of the mother: a controlled, randomized study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 18, 435.

Hummel E., Hessas E., Müller S., Beiter T., Fisch M., Eibl A., Wolf O.T., Giebel B., Platen P. Kumsta R. Moser D.A. (2018). Cell-free DNA release under psychosocial and physical stress conditions. Translational Psychiatry. 8:236.

Kinner, V.L., Wolf, O.T., Merz, C.J. (2018). Cortisol increases the return of fear by strengthening amygdala signaling in men. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 91, 79-85.

Meir Drexler, S., Merz, C.J., Wolf, O.T. (2018). Pre-extinction stress prevents context-related renewal of fear. Behavior Therapy. 49, 1008-1019.

Meir Drexler, S., Wolf, O.T. (2018). Behavioral disruption of memory reconsolidation: From bench to bedside and back again. Behavioral Neuroscience. 132, 13-22.

Merz, C.J., Hamacher-Dang, T.C., Stark, R., Wolf, O.T. & Hermann, A. (2018). Neural underpinnings of cortisol effects on fear extinction and extinction retrieval. Neuropsychopharmacology. 43, 384-392.

Merz, C.J., Kinner, V.L., Wolf, O.T. (2018). Let’s talk about sex … differences in human fear conditioning. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences. 23, 7-12.

Paul, M., Fellner, M.C., Waldhauser, G.T., Minda, J.P., Axmacher, N., Suchan, B., Wolf, O.T. (2018). Stress elevates frontal midline theta in feedback-based category learning of exceptions. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 30, 799-813.

Quent, J.A., McCullough, A.M., Sazma, M., Wolf, O.T., Yonelinas, A.P. (2018). Reward anticipation modulates the effect of stress-related increases in cortisol on episodic memory. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 147, 65-73.

Stock, L.-M. & Merz, C.J. (2018). Memory retrieval of everyday information under stress. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 152, 32-38.

Wingenfeld, K., Düsenberg, M., Fleischer, J., Röpke, S., Dziobek, I., Otte, C., Wolf, O.T. (2018). Psychosocial stress differentially affects emotional empathy in women with borderline personality disorder and healthy controls. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 137, 206-215.

Zlomuzica, A., Woud, M.L., Machulska, A., Kleimt, K., Dietrich, L., Wolf, O.T., Assion, H.J., Huston, J.P., De Souza Silva, M.A., Dere, E., Margraf, J. (2018). Deficits in episodic memory and mental time travel in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder. Progress in Neuropsychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry. 83, 42-54.



Dierolf, A., Fechtner, J., Böhnke, R., Wolf, O.T., Naumann, E., (2017). Influence of acute stress on response inhibition in healthy men: an event-related potential study. Psychophysiology. 54, 684-695.

Dinse, H.R., Kattenstroth, J.C., Lenz, M., Tegenthoff, M., Wolf, O.T. (2017). The stress hormone cortisol blocks perceptual learning in humans. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 77, 63-67.

Fleischer, J., Weber, J., Hellmann-Regena, J., Düsenberg, M., Wolf, O.T., Otte, C., Wingenfeld, K. (2017). The effect of cortisol on autobiographical memory retrieval dependson remoteness and valence of memories. Biological Psychology. 123, 136-140.

Hermann, A., Stark, R., Blecker, C.R., Milad, M.R. & Merz, C.J. (2017). Brain structural connectivity and context-dependent extinction memory. Hippocampus. 27, 883-889.

Herten, N., Pomrehn, D., Wolf, O.T. (2017). Memory for objects and startle responsivity in the immediate aftermath of exposure to the Trier Social Stress Test. Behavioral Brain Research. 326, 272-280.

Herten, N., Otto, T., Wolf, O.T. (2017). The role of eye fixation in memory enhancement under stress: An eye tracking study. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 140, 134-144.

Hoenen, M., Wolf, O.T., Pause, B.M. (2017). The impact of stress on odor perception. Perception. 46, 366-376.

Kinner, V.L., Kuchinke, L., Dierolf, A.M., Merz, C.J., Otto, T., Wolf, O.T. (2017). What our eyes tell us about feelings: Tracking pupillary responses during emotion regulation processes. Psychophysiology. 54, 508-518.

Kuehl, L., Wolf, O.T., Driessen, M., Schlosser, N., Carvalho Fernando, S., Wingenfeld, K. (2017). Effects of cortisol on the memory bias for emotional words? A study in patients with depression and healthy participants using the directed forgetting task. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 92, 191-198.

Lonsdorf, T.B. & Merz, C.J. (2017). More than just noise: Individual differences in fear acquisition, extinction and return of fear in humans - Biological, experiential, temperamental factors, and methodological pitfalls. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 80, 703-728.

Lonsdorf, T.B; Menz, M; Andreatta, M.; Fullana, M.A.; Golkar, A.; Haaker, J. ; Heitland, I.; Hermann, A.; Kuhn, M.; Kruse, O.; Meir Drexler, S.; Meulders, A.; Nees, F.; Pittig, A.; Richter, J.; Römer, S.; Shiban, Y.; Schmitz, A.; Straube, B.; Vervliet, B.; Wendt, J.; Baas, J.M.P. ; Merz, C.J. (2017). Don't fear 'fear conditioning': Methodological considerations for the design and analysis of studies on human fear acquisition, extinction, and return of fear. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 77, 247-285.

Maydych, V., Claus, M., Dychus, N., Ebel, M., Damaschke, J., Diestel, S., Wolf, O.T., Kleinsorge, T., Watzel, C. (2017). Impact of chronic and acute academic stress on lymphocyte subsets and monocyte function. PlosOne. 12, e0188108.

Meir Drexler, S., Hamacher-Dang, T.C., Wolf, O.T. (2017). Stress before extinction learning enhances and generalizes extinction memory in a predictive learning task. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 141, 143-149.

Meir Drexler, S., Wolf, O.T. (2017). The role of glucocorticoids in emotional memory reconsolidation. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 142, 126-134.

Meir Drexler, S., Wolf, O.T. (2017). Stress disrupts the reconsolidation of fear memories in men. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 77, 95-104.

Meir Drexler, S. ; Wolf, O. T. (2017). Stress and memory consolidation. In Axmacher, N. & Rasch, B. (Eds.), Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory Consolidation. Cham, Switzerland: Springer.

Merz, C.J. (2017). Contribution of stress and sex hormones to memory encoding. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 82, 51-58.

Merz, C.J., Wolf, O.T. (2017). Sex differences in stress effects on emotional learning. Journal of Neuroscience Research. 95, 93-105.

Wolf, O.T., Kluge A. (2017). Commentary: Retrieval practice protects memory against acute stress. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 11, 48.

Wolf, O.T. (2017). Effects of stress on human memory: relevance for ageing. In N.A. Pachana (Ed). Encyclopedia of Geropsychology. Springer Science and Business Media: Singapore. 723-731.

Wolf, O.T. (2017). Stress and memory retrieval: mechanisms and consequences. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences. 14, 40-46.

Wolf, O.T. (2017). Stress effects on learning and memory in humans. In G. Fink (Ed). Stress: Neuroendocrinology and Neurobiology. Academic Press: Oxford. (S. 309-315).



Atsak, P., Guenzel, F.M., Kantar-Gok, D., Zalachoras, I., Yargicoglu, P., Meijer, O.C., Quirarte, G.L., Wolf, O.T., Schwabe, L., Roozendaal, B. (2016). Glucocorticoids mediate stress-induced impairment of retrieval of stimulus - response memory. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 67, 207-215.

Biehl, S., Merz C.J., Dresler, T., Heupel, J., Reichert, S., Jacob, C.P., Deckert, J. & Herrmann, M.J. (2016). Increase or decrease of fMRI activity in adult attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder – does it depend on task difficulty? International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology. 19, 1-10.

Claus, M., Dychus, N., Ebel, M., Damaschke, J., Maydych, V., Wolf, O.T., Kleinsorge, T., Watzl, C. (2016). Measuring the immune system - A comprehensive approach for the analysis of immune functions in humans. Archives of Toxicology. 90, 2481-2495.

Dierolf, A. M., Arlt, L. E., Roelofs, K., Kölsch, M., Hülsemann, M. J., Schächinger, H., & Naumann, E. (2016). Effects of basal and acute cortisol on cognitive flexibility in an emotional task switching paradigm in men. Hormones and Behavior. doi:10.1016/j.yhbeh.2016.02.002

Gonzalez-Liencres, C., Breidenstein, A., Wolf, O.T., Brüne, M. (2016). Sex-dependent effects of stress on brain correlates to empathy for pain. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 105, 47-56.

Hepp, P., Hagenbeck, C., Burghardt, B., Jäger, B., Wolf, O.T., Fehm, T, Schaal, N.K. (2016). Measuring the course of anxiety in women giving birth by caesarean section: A prospective study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 16, 113.

Hermann, A., Stark, R., Milad M.R. & Merz, C.J. (2016). Renewal of conditioned fear in a novel context is associated with hippocampal activation and connectivity. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 11, 1411-1421.

Herten, N., Otto, T., Adolph, D., Pause, B.M., Kumsta, R., Wolf, O.T. (2016). Enhanced startle responsivity 24 hours after acute stress exposure. Behavioral Neuroscience. 5, 521-530.

Kinner, V.L., Wolf, O.T. & Merz, C.J. (2016). Cortisol alters reward processing in the human brain. Hormones and Behavior. 84, 75-83.

Kinner, V.L., Merz, C.J., Lissek, S., Wolf, O.T. (2016). Cortisol disrupts the neural correlates of extinction recall. Neuroimage. 133, 233-243.

Manahan-Vaughan, D., Wolf, O.T., Güntürkün, O. (2016). Extinction learning from a mechanistic and systems perspective. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 10, 115.

Meir Drexler, S., Merz, C.J., Hamacher-Dang, T.C., Wolf, O.T. (2016). Cortisol effects on fear memory reconsolidation in women. Psychopharmacology. 233, 2687-2697.

Merz , C.J., Elzinga, B.M. & Schwabe, L. (2016). Stress, fear, and memory in healthy individuals. In J.D. Bremner (Hrsg.), Post-traumatic stress disorder: From neurobiology to treatment. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.

Merz, C.J., Dietsch, F. & Schneider, M. (2016). The impact of psychosocial stress on conceptual knowledge retrieval. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 134, 392-399.

Merz, C.J., Hamacher-Dang, T.C., Wolf, O.T. (2016). Immediate extinction promotes the return of fear. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 131, 109-116.

Nees, F., Griebe, M., Ebert, A., Ruttorf, M., Gerber, B., Wolf, O.T., Schad, L.R., Gass, A., Szabo, K. (2016). Implicit learning in transient global amnesia and the role of stress. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 10, 222.

Ocklenburg, S., Korte, S.M., Peterburs, J., Wolf, O.T., Güntürkün, O. (2016). Stress and laterality – The comparative perspective. Physiology and Behavior. 164, 321-329.

Pacharra, M., Schäper, M., Kleinbeck, S., Blaszkewicz, M., Wolf, O.T., van Thriel, C. (2016). Stress lowers the detection threshold for foul-smelling 2-mercaptoethanol. Stress. 19, 18-27.

Paul, M., Lech, R.K., Scheil, J., Dierolf, A.M., Suchan, B., Wolf, O.T. (2016). Acute stress influences the discrimination of complex scenes and complex faces in young healthy men. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 66, 125-129.

Schultheiss, O.C., Wiemers, U.S., Wolf, O.T. (2016). Exploring effects of hydrocortisone on implicit motivation and activity inhibition: A randomized placebo-controlled study. Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology. 2, 267-280.

Wolf, O.T., Atsak, P., de Quervain, D.J., Roozendaal, B., Wingenfeld, K. (2016). Stress and memory: A selective review on recent developments in the understanding of stress hormone effects on memory and their clinical relevance. Journal of Neuroendocrinology. 28, 1-8.

Wolf, O.T. & Ditzen, B. (2016). Stress und Stressbewältigung. In H.W. Bierhoff und D. Frey (Eds). Enzyklopädie der Psychologie: Sozialpsychologie, Band 2. Soziale Motive und soziale Einstellungen. Göttingen: Hogrefe (S. 107-123)



Andre, M.A., Wolf, O.T., Manahan-Vaughan, D. (2015). Beta-adrenergic receptors support attention to extinction learning that occurs in the absence, but not the presence, of a context change. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 9, 125.

Bestgen A., Schulze P., Kuchinke L., Suchan B., Derdak T., Otto T., Jettkant B., Sucker K. (2015) An extension of olfactometry methods: an expandable, fully automated, mobile, MRI-compatible olfactometer. Journal of Neuroscience Methods.261. 85-96.

Elsenbruch, S. & Wolf, O.T. (2015). Could stress contribute to pain-related fear in chronic pain? Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 9, 340.

Fischer, A., Schröder, J., Vettorazzi, E., Wolf, O.T., Pöttgen, J., Lau, S., Heesen, C. Moritz, S., Gold, S.M. (2015). An online programme to reduce depression in patients with multiple sclerosis: a randomised controlled trial, Germany. Lancet Psychiatry. 2, 217-223.

Freund, N., Diestel, S., Schmidt, K.-H. (2015). Zur Rolle des Self-Monitoring im Prozess der Emotionsarbeit. Zeitschrift für Arbeitswissenschaften. 69, 3.

Gathmann, B., Schiebener, J., Wolf, O.T., Brand, M. (2015). Monitoring supports performance in a dual-task paradigm involving a risky decision-making task and a working memory task. Frontiers in Psychology. 8, 142.

Glienke, K., Wolf, O.T., Bellebaum, C. (2015). The impact of stress on feedback and error processing during behavioral adaptation. Neuropsychologia. 71, 181-190.

Griebe, M., Nees, F., Gerber, B., Ebert, A., Flor, H., Wolf, O.T., Gass, A., Hennerici, M.G., Szabo, K. (2015). Stronger pharmacological cortisol suppression and anticipatory cortisol stress response in transient global amnesia. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 9, 63.

Hamacher-Dang, T., Merz, C.J., Wolf, O.T. (2015). Stress following extinction learning leads to a context-dependent return of fear. Psychophysiology. 52, 489-498.

Het, S., Vocks, S., Wolf, J. M., Hammelstein, P., Herpertz, S., Wolf, O.T. (2015). Blunted neuroendocrine stress reactivity in young women with eating disorders. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 78, 260-267.

Icenhour, A., Kattoor, J., Benson, S., Boekstegers, A., Schlamann, M., Merz, C.J., Forsting, M., Elsenbruch, S. (2015). Neural Circuitry Underlying Effects of Context on Human Pain-Related Fear Extinction in a Renewal Paradigm. Human Brain Mapping. 36, 3179–3193.

Li, S., Weerda, R., Milde, C., Wolf, O.T., Thiel, C.M. (2015). ADRA2B genotype differentially modulates stress-induced neural activity in the amygdala and hippocampus during emotional memory retrieval. Psychopharmacology. 232, 755–764.

Lissek, S., Glaubitz, B., Wolf, O.T., Tegenthoff, M. (2015). The DA antagonist tiapride impairs contextual extinction learning in a novel context without affecting renewal. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 9, 238.

Meir Drexler, S., Merz, C.J., Hamacher-Dang, T.C., Tegenthoff, M., Wolf, O.T. (2015). Effects of cortisol on reconsolidation of reactivated fear memories, Neuropsychopharmacology. 40, 3036-3043.

Merz, C.J.,Wolf, O.T. (2015). Examination of cortisol and state anxiety at an academic setting with and without oral presentation. Stress.18, 138-142.

Merz, C.J., Wolf, O.T. (2015) Stress and emotional learning in humans: Evidence for sex differences. In R. Shansky (Ed.). Sex differences in the central nervous system. Elsevier: Oxford. 149-170.

Minkley, N., Rest, M., Terstegen, S., Kirchner, W.H., Wolf, O.T. (2015). Mehr Stress durch G8? Stressbelastung von Abiturienten mit regulärer und verkürzter Gymnasialzeit in NRW. Zeitschrift für Entwicklungspsychologie und Pädagogische Psychologie. 47, 188-198.

Schwab, S., Wolf, O.T., Memmert, D. (2015). The influence of motivation on stress: Is it stressful not to fit? Stress. 18. 597-601.

Sudhaus, S., Held, S., Schoofs, D., Bültmann, J., Dück, I., Wolf, O.T., Hasenbring, M. (2015). Associations between fear-avoidance and endurance responses to pain and salivary cortisol in the context of experimental pain induction. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 52, 195-199.

Utz, A., Thürling, M., Ernst, T., Hermann, A., Stark, R., Wolf, O.T., Timmann, D., Merz, C.J. (2015). Cerebellar vermis contributes to the extinction of conditioned fear. Neuroscience Letters. 604, 173-177.

Wiemers, U.S., Wolf, O.T. (2015). Cortisol broadens memory of a non-stressful social interaction. Psychopharmacology. 232, 1727–1733.

Wiemers, U.S., Schultheiss, O.C., Wolf, O.T. (2015). Public speaking in front of an unreceptive audience increases implicit power motivation and its endocrine arousal signature. Hormones and Behavior. 71, 69–74.

Wingenfeld, K., Wolf, O.T. (2015). Effects of cortisol on cognition in major depressive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder and borderline personality disorder. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 51, 282-295.

Wolf, O.T., Schulte, J., Drimalla, H., Hamacher-Dang, T., Knoch, D., Dziobek, I. (2015). Enhanced emotional empathy after psychosocial stress in young healthy men. Stress. 18, 631-637.



Ball, A., Wolf, C.C., Ocklenburg, S., Brüne, M., Wolf, O.T., Güntürkün, O., Pinnow, M. (2014). The type of implicit motive enactment is modulated by sex hormones in naturally cycling women. Physiology & Behavior. 123, 119–126.

Carvalho Fernando, S., Beblo, T., Schlosser, N., Terfehr, K., Otte, C., Löwe, B., Wolf, O.T., Spitzer, C., Driessen, M., Wingenfeld, K. (2014). The impact of self-reported childhood trauma on emotion regulation in borderline personality disorder and major depression. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 15, 384-401.

Folta-Schoofs, K., Wolf, O.T., Treue, S., Schoofs, D. (2014). Perceptual complexity, rather than valence or arousal accounts for distracter-induced overproductions of temporal durations. Acta Psychologica. 147, 51–59.

Gathmann, B., Schulte, F.P., Maderwald, S., Pawlikowski, M., Starcke, K., Schäfer, L.C., Schöler, T., Wolf, O.T., Brand, M. (2014). Stress and decision making: neural correlates of the interaction between stress, executive functions, and decision making under risk. Exp Brain Res. 232, 957–973.

Guenzel, F.M., Wolf, O.T., Schwabe, L. (2014). Glucocorticoids boost stimulus-response memory formation in humans. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 45, 21—30.

Guenzel, F.M., Wolf, O.T., Schwabe, L. (2014). Sex differences in stress effects on response and spatial memory formation. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 109, 46–55.

Kinner, V.L., Het, S., Wolf, O.T. (2014). Emotion regulation:exploring the impact of stress and sex. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 8, (397), 1-8.

Kullmann, J.S., Grigoleit, J.S., Wolf, O.T., Engler, H., Oberbeck, R., Elsenbruch, S., Forsting, M., Schedlowski, M., Gizewski, E.R. (2014). Experimental human endotoxemia enhances brain activity during social cognition. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 9, 786-793.

Li,S., Weerda, R., Milde, C., Wolf, O.T., Thiel, C.M. (2014). Effects of acute psychosocial stress on neural activity to emotional and neutral faces in a face recognition memory paradigm. Brain Imaging and Behavior. 8, 598-610.

Meir Drexler, S., Merz, C.J., Hamacher-Dang, T.C., Marquardt, V., Fritsch, N., Otto T. & Wolf, O.T. (2014). Effects of post-retrieval extinction learning on return of contextual-controlled cued  fear. Beh Neurosci. 128, 474-481.

Merz, C.J., Hermann, A., Stark, R. & Wolf, O.T. (2014). Cortisol modifies extinction learning of recently acquired fear in men. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 9, 1426-1434.

Merz, C.J., Hamacher-Dang, T.C. & Wolf, O.T. (2014). Exposure to stress attenuates fear retrieval in healthy men. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 41, 89-96.

Minkley, N., Schröder, T.P., Wolf, O.T., Kirchner, W.H. (2014). The socially evaluated cold-pressor test (SECPT) for groups: Effects of repeated administration of a combined physiological and psychological stressor. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 45, 119—127.

Mosig,C., Merz, C.J., Mohr, C., Adolph, D., Wolf, O.T., Schneider, S., Margraf, J., Zlomuzica, A. (2014). Enhanced discriminative fear learning of phobia-irrelevant stimuli in spider-fearful individuals. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 8, (328) 1-11.

Quesada, A.A., Tristão, R.M., Pratesi, R., Wolf, O.T. (2014). Hyper-responsiveness to acute stress, emotional problems and poorer memory in former preterm children. Stress. 17, 389-399.

Schultheiss, O.C., Wiemers, U.S., Wolf, O.T. (2014). Implicit need for achievement predicts attenuated cortisol responses to difficult tasks. Journal of Research in Personality. 48, 84-92.

Schwabe, L., & Wolf, O.T. (2014). Timing matters: Temporal dynamics of stress effects on memory retrieval. Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci. 14, 1041-1048.

Teismann, T., Het, S., Grillenberger, M., Willutzki, U., Wolf, O.T. (2014). Writing about life goals: Effects on rumination, mood and the cortisol awakening response. Journal of Health Psychology. 19, 1410-1419.

Wiemers, U.S., Sauvage, M.M., Wolf, O.T. (2014). Odors as effective retrieval cues for stressful episodes. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 112, 230-236.

Wingenfeld, K & Wolf, O.T. (2014). Stress, memory and the hippocampus (2014). In K, Szabo and M.G. Hennerici and (Eds.). Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience: The Hippocampus in Clinical Neuroscience. Karger: Basel. Volume 34, 109-120.

Yildiz, A., Wolf, O.T., Beste, C.(2014). Stress intensifies demands on response selection during action cascading processes. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 42, 178—187.

Zureck, E., Altstötter-Gleich, C., Wolf, O.T., Brand, M. (2014). It depends: Perfectionism as a moderator of experimentally induced stress. Personality and Individual Differences. 63, 30–35.



Baioui, A., Pilgramm, J., Merz, C.J., Walter, B., Vaitl, D.&Stark, R. (2013). Neural response in obsessive-compulsive washers depends on individual fit of triggers. Front Hum Neurosci. 7, 1-13.

Ball, A., Wolf, C.C., Ocklenburg, S., Herrmann, B.L., Pinnow, M., Brüne, M., Wolf, O.T., Güntürkün, O. (2013). Variability in ratings of trustworthiness across the menstrual cycle. Biological Psychology. 93, 52-57.

Beste, C., Yildiz, A., Meissner, T.W., Wolf, O.T. (2013). Stress improves task processing efficiency in dual-tasks. Behavioural Brain Research. 252, 260-265.

Brüne, M., Nadolny, N., Güntürkün, O., Wolf, O.T. (2013). Stress induces a functional asymmetry in an emotional attention task. Cognition & Emotion. 27, 558-566.

Carvalho Fernando, S., Beblo, T., Schlosser, N., Terfehr, K., Wolf, O.T., Otte, C., Löwe, B., Spitzer, C., Driessen, M., Wingenfeld, K. (2013). Acute glucocorticoid effects on response inhibition in borderline personality disorder. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 38, 2780-2788.

Guenzel, F. M., Wolf, O. T., Schwabe, L. (2013). Stress disrupts response memory retrieval. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 38, 1460-1465.

Hamacher-Dang, T.C., Engler, H., Schedlowski, M., and Wolf, O.T. (2013). Stress enhances the consolidation of extinction memory in a predictive learning task. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 7, 108.

Hamacher-Dang, T.C., Uengoer, M., Wolf, O.T. (2013). Stress impairs retrieval of extinguished and unextinguished associations in a predictive learning task. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 104, 1-8.

Klucken, T., Alexander, N., Schweckendiek, J., Merz, C.J., Kagerer, S., Osinsky, R., Walter, B., Vaitl, D., Hennig, J., Stark, R. (2013). Individual differences in neural correlates of fear conditioning as a function of 5-HTTLPR and stressful life events. SCAN. 8, 318-325.

Klucken, T., Schweckendiek, J., Merz, C. J., Vaitl, D., Stark, R. (2013). Dissociation of neuronal electrodermal, and evaluative responses in disgust extinction. Beh Neurosci, 127, 380-386.

Klucken, T., Wehrum, S., Schweckendiek, J., Merz, C. J., Hennig, J., Vaitl, D. & Stark, R. (2013). The 5-HTTLPR polymorphism is associated with altered hemodynamic responses during appetitive conditioning. Hum Brain Mapp, 34, 2549-2560.

Kullmann, J.S., Grigoleit, J.S., Lichte, P., Koppe, P., Rosenberger, C., Banner, C., Wolf, O.T.,  Engler, H., Oberbeck, R., Elsenbruch, S., Bingel, U., Forsting, M., Gizewski, E.R., Schedlowski, M. (2013). Neural response to emotional stimuli during experimental human endotoxemia. Human Brain Mapping. 34, 2217-2227.

Li, S., Weerda, R., Guenzel, F., Wolf, O.T., Thiel, C.M. (2013). ADRA2B genotype modulates effects of acute psychosocial stress on emotional memory retrieval in healthy young men. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 103, 11–18.

Merz, C.J., Wolf, O.T., Schweckendiek, J., Klucken, T., Vaitl, D., Stark, R., (2013). Stress differentially affects fear conditioning in men and women. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 38, 2529-2541.

Merz, C.J., Stark, R., Vaitl, D., Tabbert, K., Wolf, O.T. (2013). Stress hormones are associated with the neuronal correlates of instructed fear conditioning. Biological Psychology. 92, 82-89.

Pabst, S., Brand, M., Wolf, O.T. (2013). Stress and decision making: A few minutes make all the difference. Behavioural Brain Research.250, 39-45.

Pabst, S., Brand, M., Wolf, O.T. (2013). Stress effects on framed decisions: there are differences for gains and losses. Behavioral Neuroscience. 7, 142.

Pabst, S., Schoofs, D., Pawlikowski, M., Brand, M., & Wolf, O. T. (2013). Paradoxical Effects of Stress and an Executive Task on Decisions Under Risk. Behavioural Neuroscience. 127, 369-379.

Schaffler, K., Wolf, O.T., Burkart, M. (2013).  No benefit adding Eleutherococcus senticosus to stress management training in stress-related fatigue/weakness, impaired work or concentration, a randomized controlled study. Pharmacopsychiatry. 46, 181-190.

Schlosser, N., Wolf, O.T., Carvalho-Fernando, S., Terfehr, K., Otte, Ch., Spitzer, C., Beblo, Th., Driessen, M., Löwe, B., Wingenfeld, K. (2013). Effects of acute cortisol administration on responseinhibition in patients with major depression and healthy controls. Psychiatry Research. 209, 439-446.

Schoofs, D., Pabst, S., Brand, M., Wolf, O.T. (2013). Working memory is differentially affected by stress in men and women. Behavioural Brain Research. 241, 144-153.

Schwabe, L., Höffken, O., Tegenthoff, M., & Wolf, O. T. (2013). Stress-induced enhancement of response inhibition depends on mineralocorticoid receptor activation. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 38, 2319-2326.

Schwabe, L., Höffken, O., Tegenthoff, M., & Wolf, O. T. (2013). Opposite effects of noradrenergic arousal on amygdala processing of fearful faces in men and women. Neuroimage, 73, 1-7.

Schwabe, L., Tegenthoff, M., Höffken, O., Wolf, O.T. (2013). Mineralocorticoid receptor blockade prevents stress-induced modulation of multiple memory systems in the human brain. Biological Psychiatry. 74, 801-808.

Schwabe, L., & Wolf, O. T. (2013). Stress and multiple memory systems: from 'thinking' to 'doing'. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 17, 60-68.

Schweckendiek, J., Klucken, K., Merz, C. J., Kagerer, S., Walter, B., Vaitl, D., Stark, R. (2013). Learning to like disgust: Neuronal correlates of counterconditioning. Front Hum Neurosci. 7, 346.

Wichert, S., Wolf, O. T., Schwabe, L. (2013). Updating of episodic memories depends on the strength of new learning after memory reactivation. Behavioral Neuroscience. 127, 331-338.

Wichert, S., Wolf, O. T., & Schwabe, L. (2013). Changing memories after reactivation: A one-time opportunity? Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 99, 38-49.

Wiemers, U.S., Sauvage, M.M., Schoofs, D., Hamacher-Dang, T.C., Wolf, O.T. (2013). What we remember from a stressful episode. Psychoneuroendocrinology.  38, 2268—2277.

Wiemers, U., Schoofs, D., Wolf, O.T. (2013). A friendly version of the Trier Social Stress Test does not activate the HPA axis in healthy men and women. Stress.16, 254-260.

Wingenfeld, K., Driessen, M., Schlosser, N., Terfehr, K., Carvalho Fernando, S., Wolf, O.T. (2013). Cortisol effects on autobiographic memory retrieval in PTSD: an analysis of word valence and time until retrieval. Stress. 16, 581-6

Wingenfeld, K., Driessen, M., Terfehr, K., Schlosser, N., Fernando, S.C., Otte, C., Beblo, T., Spitzer, C., Löwe, B., Wolf, O.T. (2013). Effects of cortisol on memory in women with borderline personality disorder: Role of comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder and major depression. Psychological Medicine. 43, 495-505.

Wolf O.T. (2013). Hormone Treatment. In: M Gellman and J. R. Turner, (Eds). Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine. Springer: New York. Part 8, 981-982.



Burg, J.M., Wolf, O.T., Michalak, J. (2012). Mindfulness as self-regulated attention: associations with heart rate variability. Swiss Journal of Psychology. 71, 135-139.

Carvalho Fernando, S., Beblo, T., Schlosser, N., Terfehr, K., Otte, C., Löwe, B., Wolf, O.T., Spitzer, C., Driessen, M., Wingenfeld, K. (2012). Associations of childhood trauma with hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal function in Borderline Personality Disorder and Major Depression.  Psychoneuroendocrinology. 37, 1659-1668.

Echterhoff, G.E., Wolf, O.T. (2012). The stressed eyewitness: The interaction of thematic arousal and post-event stress in memory for central and peripheral event information. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience. 6, 57, 1-1

Freund, N., Diestel, S., Schmidt, K.-H. (2012). Kontrollspielräume als protektive Ressource bei Emotionsarbeit. Zeitschrift für Arbeits- u. Organisationspsychologie. 56, 143-151.

Het, S., Schoofs, D., Rohleder, N., Wolf, O.T. (2012). Stress induced cortisol elevations are associated with reduced negative affect after stress: Indications for a mood buffering cortisol effect. Psychosomatic Medicine. 74, 23-32.

Klucken, T., Schweckendiek, J., Koppe, G., Merz, C. J., Kagerer, S., Walter, B., Sammer, G., Vaitl, D. & Stark, R. (2012). Neural correlates of disgust- and fear-conditioned responses. Neuroscience. 201, 209-218.

Krämer, M.,  Seefeld, W.L., Heinrichs, N., Tuschen-Caffier, B., Schmitz, J., Wolf, O.T., Blechert, J. (2012).  Subjective, autonomic and endocrine reactivity during social stress in children with social phobia. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 40, 95-104.

Merz, C. J., Tabbert, K., Schweckendiek, J., Klucken, T., Vaitl, D., Stark, R. & Wolf, O. T. (2012). Neuronal correlates of extinction learning are modulated by sex hormones. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 7, 819-830.

Merz, C.J., Tabbert, K., Schweckendiek, J., Klucken,T., Vaitl, D., Stark, R., Wolf, O.T. (2012). Oral contraceptive usage alters the effects of cortisol on implicit fear learning. Hormones and Behavior. 62, 531-538.

Oei, N.Y.L., Veer, I.M., Wolf, O.T., Spinhoven, P., Rombouts, S.A.R.B., Elzinga, B.M. (2012). Stress shifts brain activation towards ventral “affective” areas during emotional distraction. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 7, 403-412.

Quesada, A.A., Wiemers, U.S., Schoofs, D., Wolf, O.T. (2012). Psychosocial stress exposure impairs memory retrieval in children. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 37, 125-136.

Roozendaal, B., Kim, S., Wolf, O.T., Kim, M. S., Sung, K.-K., Lee, S. (2012). The cortisol awakening response in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is blunted and correlates with clinical status and depressive mood. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 37, 20-26.

Schwabe, L., Bohbot, V. D., Wolf, O. T. (2012). Prenatal stress changes learning strategies in adulthood. Hippocampus. 22, 2136-2143.

Schwabe, L., Joëls, M., Roozendaal, B., Wolf, O. T., Oitzl, M. S. (2012). Stress effects on memory: an update and integration. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 36, 1740-1749.

Schwabe, L., Nader, K., Wolf, O. T., Beaudry, T., Pruessner, J. C. (2012). Neural signature of reconsolidation impairments by propranolol in humans. Biological Psychiatry. 71, 380-386.

Schwabe, L., Tegenthoff, M., Höffken, O., & Wolf, O. T. (2012). Simultaneous glucocorticoid and noradrenergic activity disrupts the neural basis of goal-directed action in the human brain. The Journal of Neuroscience. 32, 10146 –10155.

Schwabe, L., Wolf, O. T. (2012). Stress modulates the engagement of multiple memory systems in classification learning. The Journal of Neuroscience. 32, 11042–11049.

Wingenfeld, K., Driessen, M., Terfehr, K., Schlosser, N., Fernando, S.C., Otte, C., Beblo, T., Spitzer, C., Löwe, B., Wolf, O.T. (2012).  Cortisol has enhancing, rather than impairing effects on memory retrieval in PTSD. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 37, 1048-1056.

Wolf, O.T. (2012). Immediate recall influences the effects of pre-encoding stress on emotional episodic long-term memory consolidation in healthy young men. Stress. 15, 272-280.

Wolf, O.T., Soria Bauser, D., Daum, I. (2012). Eyeblink conditional discrimination learning in healthy young men is impaired after stress exposure. Psychophysiology. 49, 164-171.



Grigoleit, J.-S., Kullmann, J.-S., Wolf, O. T., Hammes, F., Wegner, A., Jablonowski, S., Engler, H., Gizewski, E., Oberbeck, R., Schedlowski, M. (2011). Dose-Dependent Effects of Endotoxin on Neurobehavioral Functions in Humans. Vol. 6, e28330.

Schlosser, N., Wolf, O.T. Wingenfeld, K. (2011). Cognitive correlates of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in major depression. Expert Rev. Endocrinol. Metab. 6 (1), 109-126.

Schoofs, D., Wolf, O.T. (2011). Are salivary steroid concentrations influenced by acute psychosocial stress? A study using the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST). International Journal of Psychophysiology. 80, 36-43.

Schwabe, L., Dickinson, A., Wolf, O.T. (2011). Stress, habits, and drug addiction: a psychoneuroendocrinological prespective. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. 19, 53-63.

Schwabe, L., Hoeffken, O., Tegenthoff, M., Wolf, O.T. (2011). Preventing the stress-induced shift from goal-directed to habit action with a beta-adrenergic antagonist. The Journal of Neuroscience. 31,17317-17325.

Schwabe, L., Merz, C. J., Walter, B., Vaitl, D., Wolf, O. T., & Stark, R. (2011). Emotional modulation of the attentional blink: The neural structures involved in capturing and holding attention. Neuropsychologia. 49, 416-425.

Schwabe, L., Wolf, O. T. (2011). Stress increases behavioral resistance to extinction. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 36, 1287-1293.

Schwabe, L., Wolf, O. T. (2011). Stress-induced modulation of instrumental behavior: From goal-directed to habitual control of action. Behavioural Brain Research. 219, 321-328.

Schweckendiek, J., Klucken, T., Merz, C. J., Tabbert, K., Walter, B., Ambach, W., Vaitl, D. & Stark, R. (2011). Weaving the (neuronal) web: Fear learning in spider phobia. Neuroimage. 54, 681-688.

Starcke, K., Pawlikowski, M., Wolf, O.T., Altstötter-Gleich, C., Brand, M. (2011). Decision-making under risk conditions is susceptible to interference by a secondary executive task. Cogn. Process. 12, 177–182.

Starcke, K., Polzer, C. Wolf, O.T., Brand, M. (2011). Does stress alter everyday moral decision-making? Psychoneuroendocrinology. 36, 210-219.

Stark, R., Bauer, E., Merz, C. J., Zimmermann, M., Reuter, R., Plichta, M. M., Kirsch, P., Lesch, K.-P., Fallgatter, A. J., Vaitl, D. & Hermann, M. (2011). ADHD related behaviors are associated with brain activation in the reward system. Neuropsychologia. 49, 426-434.

Tabbert, K., Merz, C.J., Klucken, T., Schweckendiek, J., Vaitl, D., Wolf, O.T., Stark, R. (2011). Influence of contingency awareness on neural, electrodermal and evaluative responses during fear conditioning. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 6, 495-506.

Terfehr, K., Wolf, O.T., Schlosser, N., Fernando, S.C., Otte, C., Muhtz, C., Beblo, T., Driessen, M., Spitzer, C., Löwe, B., Wingenfeld, K. (2011). Effects of acute cortisol administration on declarative memory in patients with major depression. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 72, 1644-1650.

Terfehr, K., Wolf, O.T., Schlosser, N., Carvalho Fernando, S., Otte, C. Muhtz, C., Beblo, T., Driessen, M., Spitzer, C., Löwe, B., Wingenfeld, K. (2011). Hydrocortisone impairs working memory in healthy humans, but not in patients with major depressive disorder. Psychopharmacology. 215, 71-79.

Wichert, S., Wolf, O. T., Schwabe, L. (2011). Reactivation, interference, and reconsolidation: are recent and remote memories likewise susceptible? Behavioral Neuroscience. 125, 699-704.

Wingenfeld, K., Wolf, O.T. (2011). HPA axis alterations in mental disorders: Impact on memory and its relevance for therapeutic interventions. CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics. 17, 714-722.

Wolf, C., Ball, A., Ocklenburg, S., Otto, T., Heed, T., Röder, B. Güntürkün, O. (2011). Visuotactile interactions in the congenitally acallosal brain: evidence for early cerebral plasticity. Neuropsychologia.

Wolf, O.T. (2011). Stress, Cortisol und Gedächtnisleistung im Alter. Zeitschrift für Medizinische Psychologie. 4, 151-158.

Wolf, O.T. (2011). Effects of stress on learning and memory: evidence for sex differences in humans. In C.D. Conrad (Ed). The Handbook of Stress: Neuropsychological effects on the brain. Wiley-Blackwell: Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom (S. 545-559).



Beste, C., Otto, T., Hoffmann, S. The Biopsychology - Nonlinear Analysis Toolbox: A free, open-source Matlab-toolbox for the non-linear analysis of time series data. Neuroinformatics (2010), 8, 197-200

Grigoleit, J.-S., Oberbeck, R., Lichte, P., Kobbe, P., Wolf, O.T., Montag, T., del Rey, A., Gizewski, E.R., Engler, H., Schedlowski, M. (2010). Lipopolysacharide-induced experimental immune activation does not impair memory functions in humans. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 94, 561-567.

Maass, A., Wolf, O.T., Lohaus, A. (2010). Stress and media in adolescent boys; psychophysiological effects of violent and non-violent television programs and video games. Journal of Children and Media. 4, 18-38.

Merz, C.J., Tabbert, K., Klucken, T., Schweckendiek, J., Vaitl, D., Stark, R., Wolf, O.T. (2010). Investigating the impact of sex and cortisol on implicit fear conditioning with fMRI. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 35, 33-46.

Merz, C.J., Wolf, O.T., Hennig, J. (2010). Stress impairs retrieval of socially relevant information. Behavioral Neuroscience. 124, 288-293.

Preuss, D., Schoofs, D., Schlotz, W., Wolf, O.T. (2010). The stressed student: Influence of written exams and oral presentations on salivary cortisol levels in university students. Stress. 13, 221-229.

Rohleder, N., Wolf, J.M., Wolf, O.T. (2010). Glucocorticoid sensitivity of cognitive and inflammatory processes in Depression and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 35, 104-114.

Schlosser, N., Wolf, O.T., Carvalho Fernando, S., Riedesel, K., Otte, C., Muhtz, C., Beblo, T., Driessen, M., Wingenfeld, K. (2010). Effects of acute cortisol administration on autobiographical memory in patients with major depression and healthy controls. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 35, 316-320.

Schwabe, L., Tegenthoff, M., Höffken, O., Wolf, O. T. (2010). Concurrent glucocorticoid and noradrenergic activity shifts instrumental behavior from goal-directed to habitual control. The Journal of Neuroscience. 30, 8190-8196.

Schwabe, L., Wolf, O. T. (2010). Emotional modulation of the attentional blink: Is there an effect of stress? Emotion. 10, 283-288.

Schwabe, L., Wolf, O. T. (2010). Learning under stress impairs memory formation. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 93, 183-188.

Schwabe, L., Wolf. O. T. (2010). Socially evaluated cold pressor stress after instrumental learning favors habits over goal-directed action. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 35, 977-986.

Schwabe, L., Wolf, O. T. (2010). Stress impairs the reconsolidation of autobiographical memories. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 94, 153-157.

Schwabe, L., Wolf, O. T., Oitzl, M. S. (2010). Memory formation under stress: Quantity and quality. Neuroscience and Biobehavioural Reviews. 34, 584-591.

Stepanov, I.I., Abramson, C.I., Wolf, O.T., Convit, A. (2010). The application of the first order system transfer function for fitting the California verbal learning test learning curve. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. 16, 443-452.

Tabbert, K., Merz, C.J., Klucken, T., Schweckendiek, J., Vaitl, D., Wolf, O.T., Stark, R. (2010). Cortisol enhances neural differentiation during fear acquisition and extinction in contingency aware young women. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 94, 392-401.

van Stegeren, A.H., Roozendaal, B., Kindt, M., Wolf, O.T., Joels, M. (2010). Interacting noradrenergic and corticosteroid systems shift human brain activation patterns during encoding. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 93, 56-65.

Weerda, R., Muehlhan, M., Wolf, O.T., Thiel, C.M. (2010). Effects of acute psychosocial stress on working memory related brain activity in men. Human Brain Mapping. 31, 1418-1429.



Bruehl, H., Wolf, O.T., Sweat, V., Tirsi, A., Richardson, S., Convit, A.(2009). Modifiers of cognitive function and brain structure in middle-aged and elderly individuals with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Brain Research. 1280, 186-194.

Bruehl, H., Wolf, O.T., Convit, A. (2009). A blunted cortisol awakening response and hippocampal atrophy in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 34, 815-821.

Convit, A., Rueger, M., Wolf, O. T. (2009). Diabetes Type 2 and Stress: Impact on Memory and the Hippocampus. In: Squire LR (ed.) Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Oxford: Academic Press. Volume 3, pp. 503-509.

Het, S., Rohleder, N., Schoofs, D., Kirschbaum, C., Wolf, O.T. (2009). Neuroendocrine and psychometric evaluation of a placebo version of the ‘Trier Social Stress Test’. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 34, 1075-1086.

Klucken, T., Schweckendiek, J., Merz,C.J., Tabbert, K., Walter, B., Kagerer, S., Vaitl, D., and Stark, R. (2009). Neural activations of the acquisition of conditioned sexual arousal: Effects of contingency awareness and sex. Journal of Sexual Medicine 6, 3071-3085.

Klucken, T., Tabbert, K., Schweckendiek, J., Merz, C.J., Kagerer, S., Vaitl, D., Stark, R. (2009). Contingency learning in human fear conditioning involves the ventral striatum. Human Brain Mapping. 30, 3636-3644.

Preuss, D., Schoofs, D., Wolf, O.T. (2009). Associations between endogenous cortisol levels and emotional memory in young women: influence of encoding instructions. Stress. 12, 379-387.

Preuss, D., Wolf, O.T. (2009). Post learning psychosocial stress enhances consolidation of neutral stimuli. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 92, 318-326.

Rimmle, U., Spillmann, M., Bärtschi, C., Wolf, O.T., Ehlert, U., Wirtz, P.H. (2009). Melatonin improves memory acquisition under stress independent of stress hormone release. Psychopharmacology. 202, 663-672.

Rohleder, N., Wolf, J.M., Kirschbaum, C., Wolf, O.T. (2009). Effects of cortisol on emotional but not on neutral memory are correlated with peripheral glucocorticoid sensitivity of inflammatory cytokine production. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 72, 74-80.

Schoofs, D., Wolf, O.T., Smeets, T. (2009). Cold pressor stress impairs performance on working memory tasks requiring executive functions in healthy young men. Behavioral Neuroscience. 123, 1066-1075.

Schoofs, D., Wolf, O.T. (2009). Stress and memory retrieval in women: No strong impairing effect during the luteal phase. Behavioral Neuroscience. 123, 547-554.

Schwabe, L. Wolf,. O.T. (2009). New episodic learning interferes with the reconsolidation of autobiographical memories. PLoS One.4, e7519.

Schwabe, L., Wolf, O. T. (2009). The context counts: Congruent learning and testing environments prevent memory retrieval impairment following stress. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience. 9, 229-236.

Schwabe, L., Wolf, O. T. (2009). Stress prompts habit behavior in humans. The Journal of Neuroscience.29, 7191-7198.

Schwabe, L., Böhringer, A., Wolf, O. T. (2009). Stress disrupts context-dependent memory. Learning and Memory. 16, 110-113.

Smeets, T., Wolf, O.T., Giesbrecht, T., Sijstermans, K., Telgen, S., Joëls, M. (2009). Stress selectively and lastingly promotes learning of context-related high arousing information. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 34, 1152-1161.

Smeets, T., Dziobek, I., Wolf, O.T. (2009). Social cognition under stress: Differential effects of stress-induced cortisol elevations in healthy young men and women. Hormones and Behavior. 55, 507-513.

Wolf, O.T. (2009). Stress and memory in humans: Twelve years of progress? Brain Research. 1293, 142-154.

Wolf, O.T. (2009). Hypothalamus pituitary adrenal axis activity in aging women: Its impact on the brain and the potential influence of estradiol. In E. Hogervorst, V.W. Henderson, R. B. Gibbs, and R.D. Brinton (Eds.). Hormones, Cognition, and Dementia: State of the Art and Emergent Therapeutic Strategies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (S. 133-141.)

Wolf, O.T., Minnebusch, D., Daum, I. (2009). Stress impairs acquisition of delay eyeblink conditioning in men and women. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 91, 431-436.



Coluccia, D., Wolf, O.T., Kollias, S., Roozendaal, B., Forster, A., de Quervain, D.J. (2008). Glucocorticoid therapy-induced memory deficits: Acute versus chronic effects. Journal of Neuroscience. 28, 3474 -3478

Dziobek, I., Rogers, K., Fleck, S., Bahnemann, M., Heekeren, H.R., Wolf, O.T. Convit, A. (2008). Dissociation of cognitive and emotional empathy in adults with Asperger syndrome using the Multifaceted Empathy Test (MET). Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 38, 464-473.

Kukolja, J., Thiel, C.M., Wolf, O.T., Fink. G.R. (2008). Increased cortisol levels in cognitively challenging situations are beneficial in young but not older subjects. Psychopharmacology. 201, 293-304.

Rose J., Otto T., Dittrich L.; (2008). The Biopsycholoy Toolbox: A free, open source Matlab-toolbox for the control of behavioral experimentation. Journal of Neuroscience Methods 175, 104-107.

Schoofs, D., Hartmann, R., Wolf, O.T. (2008). Neuroendocrine stress responses to an oral academic examination: No strong influence of sex, repeated participation and personality. Stress.11, 52-61.

Schoofs, D., Preuss, D., Wolf, O.T. (2008). Psychosocial stress induces working memory impairments in an n-back paradigm. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 33, 643-653.

Smeets, T., Otgaar, H., Candel, I., Wolf, O.T. (2008). True or False? Memory is differentially affected by stress-induced cortisol elevations and sympathetic activity at consolidation and retrieval. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 33, 1378-1386.

Starcke, K., Wolf, O.T., Markowitsch, H.J., Brand, M. (2008). Anticipatory stress influences decision-making under explicit risk conditions. Behavioral Neuroscience. 122, 1352-1360.

van Stegeren, A.H., Wolf, O.T., Kindt, M. (2008). Salivary alpha amylase and cortisol responses to different stress tasks: impact of sex. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 69, 33-40.

Wolf O.T., Buss C. (2008) State-of-Science Review: SR-E20: Effect of chronic stress on cognitive function through life. In T. Kirkwood, J. Bond, C. May, I. McKeith. and M. Teh. (2008). Foresight Mental Capital and Wellbeing Project. Mental capital through life: Future challenges. The Government Office for Science, London. (

Wolf, O.T. (2008). The influence of stress hormones on emotional memory: relevance for psychopathology. Acta Psychologica. 127, 513-531.

Wolf, O.T. & Kudielka, B.M. (2008). Stress, health, and aging: a focus on postmenopausal women. Menopause International.14, 129-133.



Bruehl H., Rueger, M., Dziobek, I., Sweat, V., Tirsi, A., Javier, E., Arentoft, A., Wolf, O.T., Convit, A. (2007) Cortisol elevations, HPA axis dysregulation, and memory impairments in type 2 diabetes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 92, 2439-2445.

Dziobek, I., Gold, S., Wolf, O.T., Convit, A. (2007). Hypercholesterolemia in Asperger syndrome: independence from lifestyle, obsessive-compulsive behavior, and social anxiety. Psychiatry Research.149. 321-324.

Hassenstab, J., Dziobek, I., Rogers, K., Wolf, O.T., Convit, A. (2007). Knowing what others know, feeling what others feel: A controlled study of empathy in psychotherapists. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 195, 277-281.

Het, S. & Wolf, O.T. (2007). Mood changes in response to psychosocial stress in healthy young women - Effects of pretreatment with cortisol. Behavioral Neuroscience. 121, 11-20.

Huber, T.J., Wolf, O.T., Issa, K. (2007). Stress and the awakening cortisol response (ACR) in mental disorders. In M.T. Czerbska (Ed.). Psychoneuroendocrinology research trends. Nova Science Publishers Inc.: Hauppauge, NY. (S. 433-449).

Labudda, K., Wolf, O.T. Markowitsch, H.J., Brand, M. (2007). Decision-making and neuroendocrine responses in pathological gamblers. Psychiatry Research. 153, 233-243.

Oei, N.Y.L., Elzinga, B.M., Wolf, O.T., Ruiter, M.B. Damoiseaux, J.S., Kuijer, J.P.A., Veltman, D.J., Scheltens, P., Rombouts, S.A.R.B. (2007). Glucocorticoids decrease hippocampal and prefrontal activation during declarative memory retrieval in young men. Brain Imaging and Behavior. 1, 31-41.

Rogers, K., Dziobek, I., Hassenstab, J., Wolf, O.T., Convit, A. (2007). Who cares? Revisiting empathy in Asperger syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 37, 709-715.

van Stegeren, A.H., Wolf, O.T., Everaerd, W., Scheltens P., Barkhof, F., Rombouts, S.A.R.B. (2007). Endogenous cortisol level interacts with noradrenergic activation in the human amygdala. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 87, 57-66.

van Stegeren, A.H., Wolf, O.T., Everaerd, W., Rombouts, S.A.R.B. (2007). Interaction of endogenous cortisol and noradrenaline in the human amygdala. Progress in Brain Research. 167, 263-268.

Wolf, O.T. (2007). Stress, memory, and aging: Relevance for the peri- and postmenopausal woman. Menopause Management. 16. 22-30.

Wolf, O.T. (2007). Glucocorticoid effects on memory: the positive and the negative. In G. Fink (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Stress (2nd Edition, Volume 2). Oxford: Academic Press. (S. 166-171).



Ahs, F., Furmark, T., Michelgard, A., Langström, B., Appel, L., Wolf, O.T., Kirschbaum, C., Fredrikson, M. (2006). Hypothalamic blood flow correlates positively with stress- induced cortisol levels in subjects with social anxiety disorder. Psychosomatic Medicine. 68, 859-62.

Dziobek, I., Fleck, S., Kalbe, E., Rogers, K., Hassenstab, J., Brand, M., Kessler, J., Woike, J.K., Wolf, O.T., Convit, A. (2006). Introducing MASC: A Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 36, 623-636.

Dziobek, I., Rogers, K., Fleck, S., Wolf, O.T, Convit, A. (2006). The 'amygdala theory of autism' revisited: linking structure to behaviors. Neuropsychologia. 44, 1891-1899.

Huber, T.J., Issa, K., Schik, G., Wolf, O.T. (2006). The cortisol awakening response is blunted in psychotherapy inpatients suffering from depression. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 31, 900-904.

Kuhlmann, S. & Wolf, O.T. (2006). A non-arousing test situation abolishes the impairing effects of cortisol on delayed memory retrieval in healthy women. Neuroscience Letters. 399, 268-272.

Kuhlmann, S. & Wolf, O.T. (2006). Arousal and cortisol interact in modulating memory consolidation in healthy young men. Behavioral Neuroscience. 120, 217-223.

Lobnig, B.M., Krömeke, O., Optenhostert-Porst, C., Wolf, O.T. (2006). Hippocampal volumes and cognitive performance in long-standing type 1 diabetic patients without macrovascular complications. Diabetic Medicine. 23, 32-39.

Lobnig, B.M. & Wolf, O.T. (2006). Hippocampal volumes and cognitive performance in long-standing type 1 diabetic patients without macrovascular complications: Reply (letter). Diabetic Medicine. 23, 1272-1273.

Stark, R., Wolf, O.T., Tabbert, K., Kagerer, S., Zimmermann, M., Kirsch, P., Schienle, A., Vaitl, D. (2006). Influence of the stress hormone cortisol on fear conditioning in humans: Evidence for sex differences in the response of the prefrontal cortex. Neuroimage.32, 1290-1298.

van Stegeren, A.H., Rohleder, N., Everaerd, W., Wolf, O.T. (2006). Salivary Alpha Amylase (sAA) as a marker for adrenergic activity during stress: effects of beta blockade. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 31, 137-141.

Wolf, O.T. (2006). Effects of stress hormones on the structure and function of the human brain. Expert Review of Endocrinology & Metabolism.1, 623-632.



Dziobek,I., Rogers,K., Fleck, S., Hassenstab, J., Gold, S., Wolf, O.T., Convit, A. (2005). In search of "master mindreaders": are psychics superior in reading the language of the eyes? Brain and Cognition. 58, 240-244.

Heinrich, A.B., Wolf, O.T. (2005). Investigating the effects of estradiol or estradiol/progesterone treatment on mood, depressive symptoms, menopausal symptoms and subjective sleep quality in older healthy hysterectomized women: A questionnaire study. Neuropsychobiology. 52, 17-23.

Het,S., Ramlow, G., Wolf, O.T. (2005). A meta-analytic review of the effects of acute cortisol administration on human memory. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 30, 771-784.

Kirschbaum, C., Kudielka, B.M., Wolf, O.T., Rohleder, N. (2005). Endokrinologie und Immunologie des höheren Lebensalters. In S.H. Filipp & U.M. Staudinger (Eds.) Enzyklopädie der Psychologie: Entwicklungspsychologie des mittleren und höheren Erwachsenenalters. Göttingen: Hogrefe (S. 173-208).

Korenblum, W., Barthel, A., Licinio, J., Wong, M.-L., Wolf, O.T., Kirschbaum, C., Bornstein, S.R. (2005). Elevated cortisol levels and increased rates of diabetes and mood symptoms in Soviet Union-born Jewish immigrants to Germany. Molecular Psychiatry. 10, 974-975.

Kuhlmann, S. & Wolf, O.T. (2005). Cortisol and memory retrieval in women: influence of menstrual cycle and oral contraceptives. Psychopharmacology. 183, 65-71.

Kuhlmann, S., Kirschbaum, C., Wolf, O.T. (2005). Effects of oral cortisol treatment in healthy young women on memory retrieval of negative and neutral words. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 83, 158-162.

Kuhlmann, S., Piel, M., Wolf, O.T. (2005). Impaired memory retrieval after psychosocial stress in healthy young men. Journal of Neuroscience. 25, 2977-2982.

Walpurger, V., Pietrowsky, R., Djahansouzi, S., Wolf O.T. (2005). No changes in event-related potentials with estrogen or estrogen plus progesterone treatment in healthy older hysterectomized women: Results from a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Psychopharmacology. 179, 652-661.

Wolf, O.T., Dziobek, I., McHugh, P., Sweat, V., de Leon, M.J., Javier, E., Convit, A. (2005) Subjective memory complaints in aging are associated with elevated cortisol levels. Neurobiology of Aging. 26, 1357-1363.

Wolf, O.T., Fujiwara, E., Luwinsiki, G., Kirschbaum, C., Markowitsch, H.J. (2005). No morning cortisol response in patients with severe global amnesia. Psychoneuroendocrinoloy. 30, 101-105.

Wolf, O.T., Heinrich, A.B., Hanstein, B., Kirschbaum, C. (2005) Estradiol or estradiol/progesterone treatment in older women: No strong effects on cognition. Neurobiology of Aging. 26, 1029-1032.



Buss, C., Wolf, O.T., Witt, J., Hellhammer, D.H. (2004). Autobiographic memory impairment following acute cortisol administration. Psychoneuroendocrinoloy. 29, 1093-1096.

Helpern, J.A., Lee, S.-P., Falangola, M.F., Dyakin, V.V., Bogart, A., Ardekani, B., Duff, K., Branch, C., Wisniewski, T., de Leon, M.J., Wolf, O. T., O'Shea, J., Nixon, R.A. (2004). Magnetic resonance imaging assessment of neuropathology in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. 51, 794-798.

Walpurger, V., Pietrowsky, R., Kirschbaum, C., Wolf, O.T. (2004). Effects of the menstrual cycle on auditory event-related potentials. Hormones and Behavior. 46, 600-606.

Wolf, O.T., Kuhlmann, S. Buss, C., Hellhammer, D.H., Kirschbaum, C. (2004). Cortisol and memory retrieval in humans: The influence of emotional valence. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1032:195-197.



Convit, A., Wolf, O.T., Tarshish, C., de Leon, M.J. (2003). Reduced glucose tolerance is associated with poor memory performance and hippocampal atrophy among normal elderly. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 100, 2019-2022.

Wolf, O.T. & Kirschbaum, C. (2003). Gedächtnisleistung im Alter: Welche Rolle spielen die Steroidhormone. Psychologische Rundschau. 54, 150-156.

Wolf, O.T. (2003). Cognitive functions and sex steroids. Annals Endocrinology (Paris). 64, 158-161.

Wolf, O.T. (2003). HPA axis and memory. Bailliere's Best Practice & Research: Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 17, 287-299.



Wolf, O.T., Convit, A., de Leon, M.J., Caraos, C., Quadri, S.F. (2002). Basal hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis activity and corticotropin feedback in young and older men: Relationship to magnetic resonance imaging-derived hippocampus and cingulate gyrus volumes. Neuroendocrinology. 75, 241-249.

Wolf, O.T., Convit, A., Thorn, E.L., de Leon, M.J. (2002). Salivary cortisol day profiles in elderly with mild cognitive impairment. Psychoneuroendocrinoloy. 27, 777-789

Wolf, O.T., Dyakin, V., Patel, A., Vadasz, C., de Leon, M.J. McEwen, B.S. Bulloch, K. (2002). Volumetric structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the rat hippocampus following kainic acid (KA) treatment. Brain Research. 934, 87-96.

Wolf, O.T., Dyakin, V., Vadasz, C., de Leon, M.J., McEwen, B.S., Bulloch, K. (2002). Volumetric measurement of the hippocampus, the cingulate cortex, and the retrosplenial granular cortex of the rat using structural MRI. Brain Research Protocols. 10, 41-46.

Wolf, O.T. & Kirschbaum, C. (2002). Endogenous estradiol and testosterone levels are associated with cognitive performance in older women and men. Hormones and Behavior. 41, 259-266.

Wolf, O.T. & Kirschbaum, C. (2002). DHEA replacement and cognition in healthy elderly humans: A summary of results from placebo controlled experiments. In R. Morfin (Ed.) DHEA and Brain. London and New York: Taylor & Francis (S. 187-198).

Wolf, O.T., Schommer, N., Hellhammer, D. H., Reischies, F.M., Kirschbaum, C. (2002). Moderate psychosocial stress appears not to impair recall of words learned four weeks prior to stress exposure. Stress. 5, 59-64.



Convit, A., Wolf, O.T., de Leon, M.J., Kandil, E., Patalinjug, M., Caraos, C., Scherer, A., Saint Louis, L.A. Cancro, R. (2001). Volumetric analysis of the pre-frontal regions: Findings in aging and schizophrenia. Psychiatry Research Neuroimaging. 107, 61-73.

de Leon, M.J., Bobinski, M., Wolf, O. T., Convit, A., Insausti, R. (2001). Usefulness of the MRI of the entorhinal cortex in AD (letter). Neurology. 56, 820-821.

de Leon, M.J., Convit, A., Wolf, O.T., Tarshish, C.Y., DeSanti, S., Rusinek, H., Tsui, W., Scherer, A., Roche, A., Imossi, A., Bobinski, M., Caraos, C., Schlyer, D., Poirier, F. J., Reisberg, B., Fowler J. (2001). Prediction of cognitive decline in normal elderly subjects with 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose/positron-emission tomography (FDG/PET). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 98, 10966-10971.

Kudielka, B.M. & Wolf, O.T. (2001). Östrogene unter der Lupe: Beeinflusst das "weibliche" Geschlechtshormon die menschliche Stressreaktion und das verbale Gedächtnis? Menopause Praxis. 6, 80-83.

Wolf, O.T., Convit, A., McHugh, P.F., Kandil, E., De Santi, S., Thorn, E.L., McEwen, B.S., de Leon, M.J. (2001). Cortisol differentially effects memory in young and elderly men. Behavioral Neuroscience. 105, 1002-1011.

Wolf, O.T., Schommer, N.C., Hellhammer, D.H., McEwen, B.S., Kirschbaum, C. (2001). The relationship between stress induced cortisol levels and memory differs between men and women. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 26, 711-720.



Wolf, O.T., Preut, R., Hellhammer, D. H., Kudielka, B.M., Schürmeyer, T. H., Kirschbaum, C. (2000). Testosterone and cognition in elderly men: A single testosterone injection blocks the practice effect in verbal fluency, but has no effects on spatial or verbal memory. Biol Psychiatry. 47, 650-654.



Convit, A., McHugh, P., Wolf, O.T., de Leon, M.J., Bobinski, M., De Santi, S., Roche, A., Tsui, W. (1999). MRI volume of the amygdala: A reliable method allowing separation from the hippocampal formation. Psychiatry Research Neuroimaging. 90, 113-123.

Wolf, O.T. & Kirschbaum, C. (1999). Actions of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfate (DHEAS) in the central nervous system (CNS): Effects on cognition and emotion in animals and humans. Brain Research Reviews. 30, 264-288.

Wolf, O.T. & Kirschbaum, C. (1999). Dehydroepiandrosterone replacement in elderly individuals: Still waiting for the proof of beneficial effects on mood or memory. J Endocrinol Invest. 22, 316.

Wolf, O.T., Kudielka, B.M., Hellhammer, D. H., Törber, S., McEwen, B.S., Kirschbaum, C. (1999). Two weeks of transdermal estradiol treatment in postmenopausal women and its effect on memory and mood: verbal memory changes are associated with treatment induced estradiol levels. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 24, 727-741.



Kirschbaum, C., Wolf, O.T. & Hellhammer, D.H. Adrenocortical responsiveness to psychosocial stress in humans: Sources of interindividual differences.(1998). In D.S. Krantz & A. Baum (Eds.) Technology and Methodology in Behavioral Medicine, Mahwah, New Jersey: Erlbaum (S. 29-45).

Kudielka, B. M., Hellhammer, J., Hellhammer, D. H., Wolf, O.T., Pirke, K. M., Varadi, E., Pilz, J. Kirschbaum, C. (1998). Sex differences in endocrine and psychological response to psychosocial stress in healthy elderly subjects and the impact of a two-week DHEA treatment. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 83, 1756-1761.

Wolf, O.T. & Kirschbaum, C. (1998). Wishing a dream came true: DHEAS as a rejuvenating treatment? J Endocrinol Invest. 21, 133-135.

Wolf, O.T., Kirschbaum, C. & Hellhammer, D.H. (1998). Effects of glucocorticoids on cognitive performance in humans: Evidence from clinical investigations and experimental studies. In A. Levy, E. Grauer, D. Ben-Nathan, & E.R. de Kloet (Eds.) New Frontiers in Stress Research: Modulation of Brain Function. Amsterdam: Harwood (S. 249-257).

Wolf, O.T., Kudielka, B. M., Hellhammer, D. H., Hellhammer, J., Kirschbaum, C. (1998). Opposing Effects of DHEA replacement in elderly subjects on declarative memory and attention after exposure to a laboratory stressor. Psychoneuroendocrinolog., 23, 617-629.

Wolf, O.T., Naumann, E., Hellhammer, D. H., & Kirschbaum, C. (1998). Effects of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) replacement in elderly men on event related potentials (ERPs), memory and mood. J Gerontology. 53A, M 385-390.



Pruessner, J. C., Wolf, O.T., Hellhammer, D. H., Buske-Kirschbaum, A., von Auer, K., Jobst, S., Kaspers, F., Kirschbaum, C. (1997). Free cortisol levels after awakening: A reliable biological marker for the assessment of adrenocortical activity. Life Sciences. 61, 2539-2549.

Wolf, O.T., Köster, B., Kirschbaum, C., Pietrowsky, R., Kern, W., Hellhammer, D. H., Born, J., Fehm, H. L. (1997). A single administration of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) does not enhance memory performance in young healthy adults, but immediately reduces cortisol levels. Biol Psychiatry. 42, 845-848.

Wolf, O.T., Neumann, O., Hellhammer, D. H., Geiben, A. C., Strassburger, C. J., Dressendörfer, R. A., Pirke, K. M., Kirschbaum, C. (1997). Effects of a two-week physiological dehydroepiandrosterone substitution on cognitive performance and well-being in healthy elderly women and men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 82, 2363-2367.



Kirschbaum, C., Wolf, O.T., May, M., Wippich, W., Hellhammer, D. H. (1996). Stress- and treatment-induced elevation of free cortisol levels associated with impaired declarative memory in healthy adults. Life Sciences. 58, 1475-1483.